Metering is one of those strange aspects of photography. It’s actually a rather straightforward principle, but it seems complex to new camera users due to unfamiliar terminology like “spot”, “evaluative” and “incident”. But it’s pretty easy to get to grips with.
In this video, photographer Saurav Sinha, goes over the basic metering modes that are common to pretty much all cameras. Those are spot, centre weighted and matrix or evaluative metering. There are other brand-specific metering modes available on some cameras, but these are the ones you’ll come across most often.