Magic Lantern’s Dual ISO Feature May Boost Dynamic Range To 14 Stops (Or Fry Your Sensor)

One of the recent Magic Lantern announcements is in my eyes a real bomb on the photo industry. Their Dual ISO feature (announcement here) may increase dynamic range by three stops. (video sample below).

Magic Lantern's Dual Iso Feature May Boost Dynamic Range By 3 Stops (Or Fry Your Sensor)

This feature is a bit different from adding zebra lines or removing automatic gain, or even providing RAW video as it changes low-level sensor parameters directly. It also is the first time, AFAIK, that Magic Lantern does imaging R&D rather than simply enabling camera hidden features. The analysis can be found on this PDF.

The method works by exposing some of the sensor’s vertical lines in ISO100 and some of them in ISO1600 utilizing the entire 14 stops range available on the sensor.. Currently this only works with the 5Dmk3 and 7D – from the text I understand (though may be wrong) that there are no plans to back-port it.

Here is what a1ex writes in the ML forums:

Time for the first real image quality improvement in ML history

Here’s
a trick that samples half of the sensor at ISO 100 and the other half at ISO 1600, for example. If you mix these two, you can get almost the entire dynamic range the sensor is capable of (around 14 stops). 5D3/7D only.

There are no motion artifacts; not even a difference in motion blur for the two exposures. So, it works well for fast moving subjects.
Warning
This code changes low-level sensor parameters. In the technical doc you can see how this method messes with the feedback loop for optical black, for example. Therefore, it’s safe to assume it can fry the sensor or do other nasty things. My 5D3 is still alive after roughly one week of playing with this, but that’s not a guarantee.

We don’t pay for repairs. Use it at your own risk.

Price to pay
- Half resolution in highlights and shadows
- Aliasing and moire – of course, in highlights and shadows
- You can no longer check critical focus when zooming in

If I were Canon, I would just write a big fat check out to the folks at Magic Lantern.

[Dual ISO - massive dynamic range improvement for 5D3 and 7D via planet5D]

  • Markus

    Very cool!

  • http://www.observingtime.com/ agour

    Title should be “boost dynamic range TO 14 stops”. At the minute it suggests you’ll get 14 stops on top of what you already have…

    • http://www.diyphotography.net/ udi tirosh

      yup, fixed.

  • Greg Easton

    It’s things like this that make me mad that I went Nikon instead of Canon. Nikon is a dead-end black hole technology-wise.

    • Edward Ornelas

      Nope, not even close, The person who hacked the gh2, found something extraordinary in the Nikon d7100. 4k and RAW capabilities! well it’s not certain yet but there is hope.

    • Edward Ornelas

      You can read it on eoshd.com

  • TJ

    Nice “scientific” work and analysis I should say, but do we really need it? I mean, we can do HDR and when moving objects are a concern there way so many ways to do it (e.g. pseudo-HDR) just by shooting in RAW. I don’t think there is a need a to tinker with the code.