DIY – High Speed Photography at Home

High Speed Photography at HomeHow to take photos like the one you are seeing here. It’s a glass of Champaign, being shot with a BB gun. It is the same idea as posted in this gallery. You can use this technique to take picture of exploding things like tomatoes, watter balloons, watermelons, or even you Canon camera as you smash it against a wall for not understanding the menus (Sorry, could not resist…)

high_speed_photography_glass

Freezing fast motion (AKA High Speed Photography), can give some pretty special photographic effects. High Speed Photography is used in physics, health research, sports and more. This guide describes how to capture super fast movements using ordinary camera gear and a little home made electronics. I will describes the setup I used the problems I encountered and what I did to solve or work around them.

Here is a nice example of High Speed Photography:

Capturing a balloon just as it punctures

high_speed_photography_balloon

Nuking an apple

high speed photography apple

Capturing such images introduces a lot of challenges. How does one handle timing with exposures times
faster than 1/6000 second!?

We have to handle shutter lag, synchronize the flash and time the exposure to just the right moment.
But the shutter lag of any normal camera is so long that it will be all most impossible to time the exposures. And how do you synchronize the flash with an exposure time of less than 1/6000 second?

To work around the problems with shutter lag and flash synchronization, the exposure is done in a completely dark room. This way the shutter can opened without actually getting an exposure. The exposure time set on the camera just has to be long enough for the action to happen while the shutter is still open. Because the room is dark, the long exposure time will not have any effect on the final output (this is because no light enters the lens to hit the sensor / film)
To actually get an “exposure”, a flash is fired. The flash light duration will now become the actual
exposure time.

SO now we need to see how long does it takes the flash to fire. It turns out that the output power of the flash, actually affects the duration of the light, so to get exposure times. If you need exposure faster than 1/6000 seconds, the output needs to be reduced. For more information on the light duration please see the test I ran on my Sigma EF-500 flash.

Now we only need to synchronize the flash with the action we want to capture.

This can be done in several ways. For example synchronizing with a balloon puncture, can be done via sound. Impact-actions, like a BB Soft air gun pellets, can be triggered with a mechanical switch, like in the picture below. When the pellet hits the cd-cover it’s pushed on to the switch, which then triggers the flash.

high_speed_photography_impact

Here is my High Speed Photography setup and work flow (Balloon Shot).

The Gear:
  • Balloon (OK – we are going to nuke this one, so don’t use your favorite)
  • Digicam
  • Tripod
  • Sigma Flash
  • Home made sound trigger (more info). If you do not have an optical slave you can use the Universal Sound Slave Circuit
  • Needle (or BB-gun, see below)
  • Backdrop (I use a black Bristol sheet)
The Setup
First step is to set-up the scene. The black Bristol sheet is used as backdrop. The balloon, flash, microphone
and camera are placed like in to image below
high_speed_photography_setup.gif
Gear settings:
  • Flash: optical slave and 1/16 output power.
  • Camera: Exposure time: 1-2 sec. ISO 100-200 Aperture F 11-16 manual focus.
  • Microphone: The distance between the balloon and microphone, is used for synchronization. 50-70cm is good for balloon punctures :-)
Next step is framing and focusing:
While trying to stay within the best performance on the lens, I either zoom or move the tripod, until I have the desired framing. Focus can be obtained either automatic or manual, but do remember to switch to manual to lock focus, otherwise the camera will try to focus when the lights are switched off.

Now it’s time to test the setup and lightning. All lights are switched off and the shutter is set to bulb.
To fire the flash I just clap my hands. Then I review the image on the camera, checking for exposure, framing, focus and DOF.

To get the correct amount of light / exposure, one can Increase or decrease:
- the strobe distance to the balloon
- the output power of the flash
- the aperture on the camera
- ISO sensitivity on the camera

Taking the shot (pan intended :))

The test is repeated until satisfactory result have been reached, and the real photo can be taken. This is done the same way as when testing, but instead of clapping, the balloon is punctured with a needle.

One could also just fill the balloon with water and shoot it with a BB Soft air gun :-)

high_speed_photography_bb-gun

This article was contributed by Karsten Stroemvig (aka Lullaby), see his other great high speed photograph projects

Make money by selling your pictures

  • Jorge Alberto Arroyave Manco

    Great great great! http://photosimpl.com and diyphotography.net are my masters in photography, thx a lot!

  • http://twitter.com/MegaCOMMENTS MegaCOMMENTS

    Great stuff check out my High speed videos/pictures here:
    https://www.youtube.com/user/JPCLabs?feature=mhee

  • Robert Sail

    Great photos, I would love to start doing some high speed photography, just need to start saving up for triggers.

    Rob

  • High Speed

    Triggering is often the most difficult part of the high speed imaging capture process. Because the frame rate is high, (say 1,000 fps) this is 40x the data rate of a normal video camera, and it all need to be recorded at high quality. The data rate is massive, an so the memory or capture time is very short normally.

    I shoot with 1920 x 100 HD high speed cameras at 1,000 fps, and I have a capture time of 4 seconds at that rate. What that means is 4 seconds of real time action to capture.

    This, believe it or not is huge in automotive, where the action happens over about 0.5 of a second….or less normally. This means the car impacts, the airbags deploy, and then immediately start deflating, and the car is bouncing off the target and is almost at rest again!

    We use triggers the car drives over, or impacts, and this then triggers the camera, and records a preset amount of frames BEFORE the impact, say 100 frames before. It does this by constantly recording until the trigger is activated, and then only recording the pre determined amount of frames. This means the trigger can be impacted, and the camera records the approach of the car, and THEN the impact.

    I use Vision Research M320S cameras, and they are specialist bits of kit costing tens of thousands each.

    More of my videos can be seen here if you would like to see.

    http://epicsacademy.com/

  • Naja Aslam

    You don’t need expensive DSLR to capture high speed objects. It’s about techniques.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HZ6WWVxYOQc

  • Guest

    What an awesome post…. I have been inspired to take high speed photos but with No Flash and No trigger. It has been a fun journey for me. Here is one of my photos. I also wrote a blog on how I did this. http://www.photosincolor.com/high-speed-photography-how-too/

  • http://www.photosincolor.com/ Ed Gregory

    What an awesome post…. I have been inspired to take high speed photos but with No Flash and No trigger. It has been a fun journey for me. Here is one of my photos. I also wrote a blog on how I did this. http://www.photosincolor.com/high-speed-photography-how-too